BARUK, HENRI


BARUK, HENRI
BARUK, HENRI (1897–1999), French psychiatrist. In 1931 he was appointed chief physician at the Charenton mental institution, and in 1946 became professor at the Sorbonne. His early scientific studies concentrated on psychiatric disorders caused by tumors on the brain. He succeeded in creating, by artificial means, aggression psychoses in animals. This led him to study the connections between psychiatric illness and defective moral awareness in human beings, and he subsequently displayed a tendency to extend psychiatry into the area of general anthropology. In 1957 he became chairman of the French Neurological Society. Baruk compared biblical medicine with that of Greece and wrote studies on religious belief and medical ethics. He opposed scientific experiments on the human body and all methods of psychiatric treatment which suppress or diminish the personality. Deeply linked to Jewish tradition and texts, Baruk was active in Jewish affairs in France, as chairman of the Society for the History of Hebrew Medicine in Paris and of the French Friends of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His works include Hebraic Civilization and the Science of Man, 1961 (originally a lecture in Edinburgh in 1960); Le Test Tzedek, le jugement moral et la délinquance (1950); Psychiatrie morale, expérimentale, individuelle et sociale; Psychoses et neuroses (1965); La Psychanalyse devant la médecine et l'idolâtrie (1978); La Psychiatrie et la crise morale du monde d'aujourd'hui (1983); and La Bible hébraïque devant la crise morale du monde d'aujourd'hui (1987). He also published his memoirs: Des hommes comme nous, mémoires d'un neuropsychiatre (1975; Patients are People Like Us: The Experiences of Half a Century in Neuropsychiatry, 1977). (Joshua O. Leibowitz / Dror Franck Sullaper (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Baruk — Henri Baruk (* 15. August 1897 in Saint Avé, Morbihan; † 14. Juni 1999 in Saint Maurice) war ein französischer Psychiater und Direktor der Nervenheilanstalt Saint Maurice (Charenton). Leben und Werk Er wurde in Saint Avé geboren, wo sein Vater… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henri Baruk — Henri Baruk, né le 15 août 1897 à Saint Avé (Morbihan) et mort le 14 juin 1999 à Saint Maurice (Val de Marne) est un psychiatre français. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Apports théoriques 3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henri Baruk — (August 15, 1897 ndash; June 14, 1999) was a French neuropsychiatrist, an apostle of moral psychiatry, whose studies have been used to advance concepts such as Marxism and other liberal movements of the 1960s. BiographyBaruk spent his childhood… …   Wikipedia

  • Henri Baruk — (* 15. August 1897 in Saint Avé, Morbihan; † 14. Juni 1999 in Saint Maurice) war ein französischer Psychiater und Direktor der Nervenheilanstalt Saint Maurice (Charenton). Leben und Werk Er wurde in Saint Avé geboren, wo sein Vater Jacques Baruk… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henri Ellenberger — Henri F. Ellenberger, né en 1905 et mort en 1993, est un psychiatre canadien d origine suisse. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Psychiatrie et psychanalyse 3 Œuvre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henri F. Ellenberger — Henri Ellenberger Henri F. Ellenberger, né en 1905 et mort en 1993, est un psychiatre canadien d origine suisse. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Ouvrages 3 Notes et références …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Henri Ellenberger — Henri F. Ellenberger (1905 1993) fue psiquiatra canadiense y suizo, historiador médico y criminologista, algunas veces considerado el historiógrafo fundador de la psiquiatría.[1] Ellenberger nació en Rodesia y es de ascendencia francesa. Estudió… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Henri Ellenberger — Henri F. Ellenberger (1905 1993) was a Canadian Swiss psychiatrist, medical historian, and criminologist, sometimes considered the founding historiographer of psychiatry. [ [http://pup.princeton.edu/titles/5261.html] ] Ellenberger was born in… …   Wikipedia

  • Claude, Henri-Charles-Jules —    (1869–1945)    Professor of mental diseases at the University of Paris from 1922 to his retirement in 1939, Claude was born in Paris, concentrated in internal medicine and neurology (much influenced by Jean Martin Charcot), and by 1903 had… …   Historical dictionary of Psychiatry

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